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the principl e of simplified E IA of construction pr ojects i n the regi on. In terms of land, linke d to the im plementation of ur ban a nd r ural construction land increase a nd decreas e, repla cement i ndi cators for pri ority areas proje ct. Charges, int o the pr oje cts of water, ele ctricit y, admi nistrative charge s and preferential policies. I n the area of taxation, and settled i n areas of industry and its production company, withi n 5 years after the completion of fiscal i nce ntives to e nterpris es. I n terms of financing, i ntegration of land, tax, fina ncial a nd other res our ces, a nd construct "Governme nt credit + busi nes s credit" cre dit system, establi shment of marketization, commercializ ation a nd m oder nization of the inve stment and financing platform; effecti ve Ba nk-enter prise docking, encourage s private ca pital into t he Park, to rais e industry development fund. 5, optimize the environment a nd s ervice i ndustr ies. To create "poli cy low lands, Hig hlands, i ntegrity of service land, devel opme nt land" as t he goal, t o optimize t he area under devel opment e nvironment. All admi nistrative law enfor cement department s to appoi nt a full-time personne l statione d in area s de dicated t o coor dinati ng and solvi ng problems a ssociated wit h businesse s in thi s sect or. Whe n there are substantial is sue s, se ctor leaders arrange d to per sonally intervene, in -per son, in-per son push tang ible area buil ding a gre en light, ea sy line. To furt her reduce a nd sta ndar dize admi nistrative examination and appr oval items, simplify examinati on a nd a pproval li nks, impr ove efficiency; accor ding to t he ... Since the educati onal practi ce of the mass li ne of the party, himself seri ously i n the e ducation, practi cal control central "eight r ules" and opposing "the four winds" and practi cing "three S uns", and che ck the s pirit of Jiao Yul u, ideol ogy, s olicit opi nions based on outsta ndi ng problems che cked swi ng, careful a nalysi s and refle ction. Will now che ck report i s as follow s: first, adhere nce to t he party's politi cal dis cipline, e ight in the ce ntral provisi on, cha nge the style of the ba sic s ituation of 1, in compliance with t he party's politi cal dis ciplines . Cons cienti ously a bide by the party's political disci pline, abi de by the Constituti on a nd the rules a nd reg ulations of the party, i n the political, ide olog i cal and maintai n highly consiste nt with the CPC Ce ntral Committee on the acti on, t here is no viol ation of the party's politi cal dis cipline probl ems. 2, i n the impleme ntation of the central aut horiti es of the eight provisi ons . Improvi ng resear ch, impr oving resear ch methods, but there are le ss grass -root s unit s, primary first-ha nd a n ina dequate grasp of the pr oblem, w hich is to be strengt hene d in the future. Se cond, construction, strictly in a ccorda nce with the provisi ons to streamline and improve t he quality of meetings of the Conference. T hird, streamli ning file bri efs, cult ure inv olves all as pect s of propaganda and ide olog y, sometimes due to the pra ctical nee ds of inve ntion notificati ons , this area needs further

人教版九年级历史上册

第 10 课资本主义时代的曙光
旧县中学 杜清江

教学设计

【教材分析】 课标要求:知道《神曲》 ,复述达·芬奇、哥伦布的主要活动,初步认识文艺复兴和新航 路开辟对欧洲资本主义社会的产生所起的作用。这节课所讲的内容是从欧洲封建社会向资本 主义过渡的历史,因此本节课在教学内容当中起到了承上启下的作用。 本节核心内容的功能和价值:通过这节课学习,学生可以认识新航路开辟和文艺复兴对 欧洲资本主义社会的产生所起的作用。 【教学目标】 知识与能力:通过本课的学习,掌握文艺复兴时期但丁、达·芬奇、莎士比亚等代表人 物的主要成就,进而使学生理解文艺复兴的本质。掌握开辟新航路的过程,让学生了解新航 路开辟的原因和影响。通过本课的学习,引导学生分析文艺复兴时期优秀的文学、艺术作品 和自然科学成就,培养学生透过现象看本质的能力。通过对重大事件和主要人物的评价,提 高学生全面客观评价历史问题的能力。 过程与方法:本课的学习过程以探究学习为主,由教师提出预设问题,引导学生进行思 考,同时结合演示文稿,利用视觉的直观性,使学生形成感性认识。 情感态度与价值观:通过本课的学习,使学生认识:新航路的开辟推动了历史发展的进 程,改变了世界形势,从而对学生进行历史唯物主义教育。文艺复兴时期的文艺作品和科技 成就都是历经磨难,经过不懈努力而取得的,从而鼓励学生从小树立敢于坚持真理,勇于开 拓创新的信念和意识。 【学情分析】 初三的学生已经掌握了基本的学习方法和学习的策略,形成课良好的历史知识的学习习 惯,但是在知识的宏观联系上还存在较大的缺陷,理论知识的储备有限,但对某些具体史实 感兴趣,参与意识强,只要课上教师进行有效引导,学生的主体性将有效的得到发挥。 【重点 难点 】 ●重点:文艺复兴的本质和主要代表人物,新航路开辟的过程。 解析:文艺复兴在本质上是一场资产阶级的思想解放运动。新的资本主义生产关系产生 和发展需要新的思想文化武装自己进而冲破封建教会对人们精神的桎梏,于是在意识形态领 域掀起了一场声势浩大的思想文化运动。所以,文艺复兴运动的产生维护了新兴资产阶级的 利益。 ●教学难点及突破教学难点:文艺复兴首先在意大利兴起的先决条件。 解析:意大利是东西贸易的枢纽,就在地中海沿岸的一些城市已经出现了资本主义性质 的手工工场,采取雇佣方式,所以,在意大利最早产生了新兴资产阶级,而新兴资产阶级需 要思想解放。 【教学方法.】提问法、探究法.、讲述法、讲解法、多媒体课件辅助教学。 【教学过程】 导入设计: 投影《蒙娜丽莎》 问题:有哪位同学来说说这幅名画? 教师讲述: 这幅画以蒙娜丽莎“迷人的微笑” “神秘的微笑”征服了世人,相信同学们一定见过。那 么,这幅画产生的时代背景是什么呢?该作品又体现了一种怎样的时代精神?作者在这个时 代起到怎样的作用呢?通过本课,你将走进文艺复兴时代,了解这一切。
streamlining. Four are standard vis its, exce pt as required to participate i n traini ng, no other a ctivity. F ive is to impr ove new s reporti ng, for pr opaga nda w ork strictly accor ding to t he regulati ons . Six is strictly your prese ntation pu blis hed stri ctly accor ding to the regulations. 罚 济 经 或 决 理 处 好 做 权 作 操 规 违 承 对 。 明 文 与 全 安 、 度 进 督 监 并 , 宜 事 关 有 的 中 工 施 调 协 责 负 专 定 指 人 包 发 Seven is strictly thrift, required the use of vehicle s and office s pace a nd cor porate hos pitality. 3, cha nge the styl e. Propaganda and ide ologi cal work of the new situati on and ne w requirements of the new task s, ha d done a lot of fruitful work, ha s made many achieveme nts, but further cl oser t o the grass r oots, close t o reality, clos e to the mas ses and als o ina dequate innovation must conti nue t o improve. Se cond, t he "four winds" s ome outsta ndi ng iss ues 1 , oppose formalism. One the ory is that he di dn't, wit h less close contact . The oretical st udy of consci ousnes s is not high enough, system performance i s not strong enoug h; more passive lear ning , active lear ning few generalities and learn m ore, delvi ng into l e ss. E spe cially ba sed on rational thi nking on major i ssue s, applying t heory to g uide t he work done is not good enoug h, not really understa nd a nd gras p the s pirit and In practical w ork, not y our he ad, essence of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opment, did not truly a chieve master y, to a ppl y, to a certai n extent, affect the development and impleme ntation of ideas a nd i nitiatives. Se cond, w ork arrangement s, and less supervisi on. Propaga nda a nd i deol ogica l work is the objective, whi ch needs t o keep the continuity efforts depl oyed, but stress ed i n t he work time, le ss s upervi sion. For example, col or weekends i n the s ummer theatrical a ctivities, city square performa nce s, urging t ownshi ps, communitie s and rural areas shows the im plementation is i nade quate, i ns ufficient cultural a n educational role to play. T hird base e nough, master grass -les s real. Pr opaga nda a nd ideol ogical w ork in the new situation of characteristi cs a nd regul arity of enough, dee p enoug h for grass-r oots public opinion Dynamics surve y, for grass -roots typica lly drive les s. For example, r ural cult ure team active, . .. I' m not actively take the i nitiative to take up, t he lack of spirit of dari ng to, res ulting i n some j ob had a lot of powe r, but no ta ngibl e results . Thir d, innovation, lack of motivation. Ema nci pation did not e nd, i nnovation doe s not exist. previous work experience, la ck of innovation initiatives , study on t he characteristi cs of pr opaga nda a nd ideol ogical w ork under the new situation through, grip on grassroots ideol ogical trends a nd cha nges are not dee p, to promote new initiatives a nd ex plore new methods of ideol ogical a nd cult ural work is not much, and some la ck of relevance a nd timeliness. 4 , dis cipli ne, l oweri ng, and hard w ork are la cking. Whil e worki ng and enterpri sing s pirit down. No real sol ution to treat yours elf right, corre ctly treat past honors, their complace ncy, and work to see the ir scores more, le ss check ing hi s own shortcoming s, like to liste n to the praise, satisfied face, onli ne pr omotion, there ar e typical , and l ack of hig h standards and strict requirements , the effect is real. Se cond hard drive le ss. On hard and

the principl e of simplified E IA of construction pr ojects i n the regi on. In terms of land, linke d to the im plementation of ur ban a nd r ural construction land increase a nd decreas e, repla cement i ndi cators for pri ority areas proje ct. Charges, int o the pr oje cts of water, ele ctricit y, admi nistrative charge s and preferential policies. I n the area of taxation, and settled i n areas of industry and its production company, withi n 5 years after the completion of fiscal i nce ntives to e nterpris es. I n terms of financing, i ntegration of land, tax, fina ncial a nd other res our ces, a nd construct "Governme nt credit + busi nes s credit" cre dit system, establi shment of marketization, commercializ ation a nd m oder nization of the inve stment and financing platform; effective Ba nk-enter prise docking, encourage s private ca pital into t he Park, to rais e industry development fund. 5, optimize the environment a nd s ervice i ndustr ies. To create "poli cy low lands, Hig hlands, i ntegrity of service land, devel opme nt land" as t he goal, t o optimize t he area under devel opment e nvironment. A ll admi nistrative law enfor cement department s to appoi nt a full-time personne l statione d in area s de dicated t o coor dinati ng and solvi ng problems a ssociated wit h businesse s in thi s sect or. Whe n there are substantial is sue s, se ctor leaders arrange d to per sonally intervene, in-per son, in-per son push tang ible area buil ding a gre en light, ea sy line. To furt her reduce a nd sta ndar dize admi nistrative examination and appr oval items, simplify examinati on a nd a pproval li nks, impr ove efficiency; accor ding to t he ... Since the educati onal practi ce of the mass li ne of the party, himself seri ously i n the e ducation, practi cal control central "eight r ules" and opposing "the four winds" and practi cing "three S uns", and che ck the s pirit of Jiao Yul u, ideol ogy, s olicit opi nions based on outsta ndi ng problems che cked swi ng, careful a nalysi s and refle ction. Will now che ck report i s as follow s: first, adhere nce to t he party's politi cal dis cipline, e ight in the ce ntral provisi on, cha nge the style of the ba sic s ituation of 1, in comp liance with t he party's politi cal dis ciplines . Cons cienti ously a bide by the party's political disci pline, abi de by the Constituti on a nd the rules a nd reg ulations of the par ty, i n the political, ide ologi cal and maintai n highly consiste nt with the CPC Ce ntral Committee on the acti on, t here is no viol ation of the party's politi cal dis cipline probl ems. 2, i n the impleme ntation of the c entral aut horiti es of the eight provisi ons . Improvi ng resear ch, impr oving resear ch methods, but there are le ss grass -root s unit s, primary first-ha nd a n ina dequate grasp of the pr oblem, w hich is to be strengt hene d in the future. Se cond, construction, strictly in a ccorda nce with the provisi ons to streamline and improve t he quality of meetings of the Conference. T hird, streamli ning file bri efs, cult ure inv olves all as pect s of propaganda and ide olog y, sometimes due to the pra ctical nee ds of inve ntion notificati ons , this area needs further

一、文艺复兴: 1、投影:《意大利商业城市——佛罗伦萨》 、多媒体播放《文艺复兴》短片。教师讲解文 艺复兴背景:14 世纪前后,意大利商人垄断地中海的商业活动,本地工商业迅速繁荣发展, 出现新兴的手工工场,它是资本主义生产关系的萌芽。随着资本主义萌芽的产生,新兴资产 阶级出现了。新兴资产阶级要求摆脱封建制度的束缚,自由地发展资本主义。这种要求必然 在思想领域有所反应,因而与之相适应的资产阶级文化也出现在意大利。 2、学习到现在我们一起来了解一下究竟什么是文艺复兴呢? 看书、讨论、学生齐读:新兴的资产阶级通过弘扬古代希腊、罗马文化的方式,反对教 会宣扬的陈腐说教,发起了一场崭新的、促使人们思想解放的文化运动。人们把这场运动称 之为文艺复兴。 3、很多思想文化运动都有指导思想,文艺复兴也不例外。请同学们思考一下文艺复兴的 指导思想是什么? 看书、讨论、提问、教师明确:文艺复兴时期,资产阶级知识分子力求摆脱教会对精神 世界的控制,要求以人为中心,而不是以神为中心;提倡发扬人的个性,追求人在现实生活 中的幸福。这种思潮被称为人文主义。 大家说这种思想好不好?请同学们讨论一下我们该如何评价人文主义呢? 看书、讨论、提问、教师明确:人文主义是资产阶级反封建反教会的思想武器,是文艺复 兴运动的指导思想,具有鲜明的革命性和进步性。但它强调个人意志,其物质基础为私有制, 有一定局限性。 4、想一想:当时的人们为什么不敢旗帜鲜明的,而是借复兴古罗马、希腊文化来向封建 教会宣战? 看书、讨论、提问、教师明确:欧洲中世纪封建教会在社会上拥有至高无上的地位,是 西欧政治、经济和思想文化上的主宰力量,影响甚至渗透到人们生活的各个角落。专横的宗 教统治禁锢了人们的思想,扼杀了人性,阻碍了科学与人类进步,引起广泛的不满,但由于 封建教会力量强大,又与封建统治者相勾结,对“异端学说”残酷镇压;而处于萌芽状态的资 本主义力量非常弱小,所以新兴的资产阶级只能借复兴希腊、罗马古典文化来追求思想解放 和个人的自由,向封建神学教会进行宣战。 5、明白了当时的人们不敢旗帜鲜明的向封建教会宣战的原因,请同学们做一下 P59“动脑筋” :文艺复兴是复古,还是开创新文化、新思想的运动? 看书、讨论、提问、教师明确:文艺复兴是新兴资产阶级借助复兴希腊、罗马古典文化 所发起的弘扬资产阶级思想文化的运动。它不仅是股希腊、罗马文化的简单恢复,而是以人 文主义为武器,进行反封建、反教会斗争。因此,恩格斯曾说,此名称没有“把这个时代充 分地表现出来。 ” 6 由此我们可以看出文艺复兴的实质是什么呢? 看书、讨论、提问、教师明确:是一场反封建的资产阶级思想解放运动。 7、多媒体展示《但丁》画像,然后提问文艺复兴的先驱者是谁?其代表作又是什么? 看书、讨论、提问、明确:但丁 《神曲》 那么《神曲》又是怎样体现人文主义精神的?(多媒体展示《神曲》图片) 看书、讨论、提问、明确: 《神曲》中表现了但丁自己的善恶标准和对天主教会的厌恶, 这符合人文主义思想中的主张。 说到诗歌,我国有个朝代诗歌光耀千古。请问它是哪个朝代?其中被称为“诗仙” 、 “诗 圣”的分别是谁? 讨论、提问、明确:唐朝 李白、杜甫 8、多媒体展示《达·芬奇》画像,然后提问他是谁?其代表作是什么? 看书、讨论、提问、明确:达·芬奇 《蒙娜丽莎》 、 《最后的晚餐》 ) 请问: 《蒙娜丽莎》是怎样体现人文主义思想的?
streamlining. Four are standard vis its, exce pt as required to participate i n traini ng, no other a ctivity. F ive is to impr ove new s reporti ng, for pr opaga nda w ork strictly accor ding to t he regulati ons . Six is strictly your prese ntation publis hed stri ctly accor ding to the regulations. 罚 济 经 或 决 理 处 好 做 权 作 操 规 违 承 对 。 明 文 与 全 安 、 度 进 督 监 并 , 宜 事 关 有 的 中 工 施 调 协 责 负 专 定 指 人 包 发 Seven is strictly thrift, required the use of vehicle s and office s pace a nd cor porate hos pitality. 3, cha nge the styl e. Propaganda and ide ologi cal work of the new situati on and ne w requirements of the new task s, ha d done a lot of fruitful work, ha s made many achieveme nts, but further cl oser t o the grass r oots, close t o reality, clos e to the mas ses and als o ina dequate innovation must conti nue t o improve. Se cond, t he "four winds" s ome outsta ndi ng iss ues 1 , oppose formalism. One the ory is that he di dn't, wit h less close contact . The oretical st udy of consci ousnes s is not high enough, system performance i s not strong enoug h; more passive lear ning , active lear ning few generalities and learn m ore, delvi ng into le ss. E spe cially ba sed on rational thi nking on major i ssue s, applying t heory to g uide t he work done is not good enoug h, not really understa nd a nd gras p the s pirit and In practical w ork, not y our he ad, essence of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opment, did not truly a chieve master y, to a ppl y, to a certai n extent, affect the development and impleme ntation of ideas a nd i nitiatives. Se cond, w ork arrangement s, and less supervisi on. Propaga nda a nd i deol ogica l work is the objective, whi ch needs t o keep the continuity efforts depl oyed, but stress ed in t he work time, le ss s upervi sion. For example, col or weekends i n the s ummer theatrical a ctivities, city square performa nce s, urging t ownshi ps, communitie s and rural areas shows the im plementation is i nade quate, i ns ufficient cultural a n educational role to play. T hird base e nough, master grass -les s real. Pr opaga nda a nd ideol ogical w ork in the new situation of characteristi cs a nd regul arity of enough, dee p enoug h for grass-r oots public opinion Dynamics surve y, for grass -roots typica lly drive les s. For example, r ural cult ure team active, . .. I' m not actively take the i nitiative to take up, t he lack of spirit of dari ng to, res ulting i n some j ob had a lot of powe r, but no ta ngibl e results . Thir d, innovation, lack of motivation. Ema nci pation did not e nd, i nnovation doe s not exist. previous work experience, la ck of innovation initiatives , study on t he characteristi cs of pr opaga nda a nd ideol ogical w ork under the new situation through, grip on grassroots ideol ogical trends a nd cha nges are not dee p, to promote new initiatives a nd ex plore new methods of ideol ogical a nd cult ural work is not m uch, and some la ck of relevance a nd timeliness. 4 , dis cipli ne, l oweri ng, and hard w ork are la cking. Whil e worki ng and enterpri sing s pirit down. No real sol ution to treat yours elf right, corre ctly treat past honors, their complace ncy, and work to see the ir scores more, le ss check ing hi s own shortcoming s, like to liste n to the praise, satisfied face, onli ne pr omotion, there ar e typical , and l ack of hig h standards and strict requirements , the effect is real. Se cond hard drive le ss. On hard and

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the principl e of simplified E IA of construction pr ojects i n the regi on. In terms of land, linke d to t he im plementation of ur ban a nd r ural construction land increase a nd decreas e, repla cement i ndi cators for pri ority areas proje ct. Charges, int o the pr oje cts of water, ele ctricit y, admi nistrative charge s and preferential policies. I n the area of taxati on, and settled i n areas of industry and its production company, withi n 5 years after the completion of fiscal i nce ntives to e nterpris es. I n terms of financing, i ntegration of land, tax, fina ncial a nd other res our ces, a nd construct "Governme nt credit + busi nes s credit" cre dit system, establi shment of marketization, commercializ ation a nd m oder nization of the inve stment and financing pl atform; effective Ba nk-enter prise docking, encourage s private ca pital into t he Park, to rais e industry development fund. 5, optimize the environment a nd s ervice i ndustr ies. To create "poli cy low lands, Hig hlands, i ntegrity of service land, devel opme nt land" as t he goal, t o optimize t he area under devel opment e nvironment. All admi nistrative law enfor cement department s to appoi nt a full-time personne l statione d in area s de dicated t o coor dinati ng and solvi ng problems a ssociated wit h businesse s in thi s sect or. Whe n there are substantial is sue s, se ctor leaders arrange d to per sonally intervene, in -per son, in-per son push tang ible area buil ding a gre en light, ea sy line. To furt her reduce a nd sta ndar dize admi nistrative examination and appr oval items, simplify examinati on a nd a pproval li nks, impr ove efficiency; accor ding to t he ... Since the educati onal practi ce of the mass li ne of the party, him self seri ously i n the e ducation, practi cal control central "eight r ules" and opposing "the four winds" and practi cing "three S uns", and che ck the s pirit of Jiao Yul u, ideol ogy, s olicit opi nions based on outsta ndi ng problems che cked swi ng, careful a nalysi s and refle ction. Will now che ck report i s as follow s: first, adhere nce to t he party's politi cal dis cipline, e ight in the ce ntr al provisi on, cha nge the style of the ba sic s ituation of 1, in compliance with t he party's politi cal dis ciplines . Cons cienti ously a bide by the party's political disci pline, abi de by the Constituti on a nd the rules a nd reg ulations of the party, i n the political, ide ologi cal and maintai n highly consiste nt with the CPC Ce ntral Committee on the acti on, t here is no viol ation of the party's politi cal dis cipline probl ems. 2, i n the impleme ntation of the central aut horiti es of the eight provisi ons . Improvi ng rese ar ch, impr oving resear ch methods, but there are le ss grass -root s unit s, primary first-ha nd a n ina dequate grasp of the pr oblem, w hic h is to be strengt hene d in the future. Se cond, construction, strictly in a ccorda nce with the provisi ons to streamline and improve t he quality of meetings of the Conference. T hird, streamli ning file bri efs, cult ure inv olves all as pect s of propaganda and ide olog y, sometimes due to the pra ctical nee ds of inve ntion notificati ons , this area needs further

看书、讨论、提问、明确:达·芬奇的《蒙娜丽莎》取材于现实生活中的真实人物,画 面色彩明丽,人物富有个性,充分表现了以人为中心的人文主义。 我国在绘画艺术方面也人才辈出, 请问: 我国唐朝有位画家他也擅长绘画, 他被称为 “画 圣” 。他是谁呢? 讨论、提问、明确:吴道子 9、多媒体打出莎士比亚图片,然后过渡到新课 请问莎士比亚的代表作是什么?( 《罗密欧与朱丽叶》 、 《哈姆雷特》等 问:莎士比亚的作品是怎样体现人文主义精神的? 看书、讨论、提问、明确:莎士比亚的作品批判了封建道德伦理观念和社会陋习,讴歌 了人的情感和智慧,集中体现了人文主义精神。 说到戏剧我国有个朝代戏剧也空前发达。请问它是哪一个朝代?其中最优秀的剧作家是 谁?其代表作又是什么? 讨论、提问、明确:元朝 关汉卿 《窦娥冤》 10、文艺复兴时期不仅在诗歌、绘画、戏剧方面成就斐然,天文学方面也硕果累累。请 同学们看课本 P60 小体字 天文学家 国 别 主要成就 哥白尼 波兰 创立“太阳中心说” 布鲁诺 伽利略 开普勒 意大利 意大利 德意志 提出“宇宙是无限的”观点 自制望远镜,证实哥白尼“日心说”的进步性 指出行星沿椭圆形轨道绕太阳运行

11、西欧 14——16 世纪掀起了文艺复兴运动,而中国在近代也掀起了一场资产阶级思 想解放运动。它是什么运动?其代表人物又有哪些? 讨论、提问、明确:新文化运动 陈独秀、李大钊、胡适、鲁迅 12、下面我们一起来小结一下文艺复兴的历史意义: 文艺复兴推动了欧洲文化思想领域的繁荣,为欧洲资本主义社会的产生奠定了思想文化 基础。 多媒体播放《哥白尼出征的音乐》MTV,然后导入新课。 二、新航路的开辟. 为什么西欧国家要开辟新航路呢?它们又凭什么开辟新航路呢? 看书、讨论、提问、明确: 1、原因 (1)经济根源:14-15 世纪,欧洲商品经济的发展和资本主义萌芽的出现要求扩大国 外市场。 (2)社会根源:欧洲人狂热地追求货币和黄金,成为探索新航路的主要动力。而恰在此 时《马可·波罗行纪》的出版,将东方描绘成了遍地黄金的天堂,更加激发了欧洲人对东方 的向往。 (3)东西方商路受阻:奥斯曼土耳其控制了东西方之间的商路;于是,欧洲商人急切的 渴望开辟一条通往东方的新商路。 2、 条件: 地圆学说流行、 造船技术提高、 指南针的应用为新航路的开辟提供了客观条件。 3、.经过: (1) 多媒体展示《迪亚士》画像,然后提问首先进行新航路开辟的是谁? 看书、讨论、提问、明确:迪亚士 请同学介绍一下迪亚士,并着重指出他取得了哪些成就? 看书、讨论、提问、多媒体展示迪亚士发现好望角动态地图。 (2)多媒体展示《哥伦布》画像,然后提问第二位进行新航路开辟的是谁?
streamlining. Four are standard vis its, exce pt as required to participate i n traini ng, no other a ctivity. F ive is to impr ove new s reporti ng, for pr opaga nda w ork strictly accor ding to t he regulati ons . Six is strictly your prese ntation publis hed stri ctly accor ding to the regulations. 罚 济 经 或 决 理 处 好 做 权 作 操 规 违 承 对 。 明 文 与 全 安 、 度 进 督 监 并 , 宜 事 关 有 的 中 工 施 调 协 责 负 专 定 指 人 包 发 Seven is strictly thrift, required the use of vehicle s and office s pace a nd cor porate hos pitality. 3, cha nge the styl e. Propaganda and ide ologi cal work of the new situati on and ne w requirements of the new task s, ha d done a lot of fruitful work, ha s made many achieveme nts, but further cl oser t o the grass r oots, close t o reality, clos e to the mas ses and als o ina dequate innovation must conti nue t o improve. Se cond, t he " four winds" s ome outsta ndi ng iss ues 1 , oppose formalism. One the ory is that he di dn't, wit h less close contact . The oretical st udy of consci ousnes s is not high enough, system performance i s not strong enoug h; more passive lear ning , active lear ning few gene ralities and learn m ore, delvi ng into le ss. E spe cially ba sed on rational thi nking on major i ssue s, applying t heory to g uide t he work done is not good enoug h, not really understa nd a nd gras p the s pirit and In practical w ork, not y our he ad, essence of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opment, did not truly a chieve master y, to a ppl y, to a certai n extent, affect the development and impleme ntation of ideas a nd i nitiatives. Se cond, w ork arrangement s, and less supervisi on. Propaga nda a nd i deol ogica l work is the objective, whi ch needs t o keep the continuity efforts depl oyed, but stress ed in t he work time, le ss s upervi sion. For example, col or weekends i n the s ummer theatrical a ctiv ities, city square performa nce s, urging t ownshi ps, communitie s and rural areas shows the im plementation is i nade quate, i ns uff icient cultural a n educational role to play. T hird base e nough, master grass -les s real. Pr opaga nda a nd ideol ogical w ork in the new situation of characteristi cs a nd regul arity of enough, dee p enoug h for grass-r oots public opinion Dynamics surve y, for grass -roots typica lly drive les s. For example, r ural cult ure team active, . .. I' m not actively take the i nitiative to take up, t he lack of spirit of dari ng to, res ulting i n some j ob had a lot of powe r, but no ta ngibl e results . Thir d, innovation, lack of motivation. Ema nci pation did not e nd, i nnovation doe s not exist. previous work experience, la ck of innovation initiatives , study on t he characteristi cs of pr opaga nda a nd ideol ogical w ork under the new situation through, grip on grassroots ideol ogical trends a nd cha nges are not dee p, to promote new initiatives a nd ex plore new methods of ideol ogical a nd cult ural work is not much, and some la ck of relevance a nd timeliness. 4 , dis cipli ne, l oweri ng, and hard w ork are la cking. Whil e worki ng and enterpri sing s pirit down. No real sol ution to treat yours elf right, corre ctly treat past honors, their complace ncy, and work to see the ir scores more, le ss check ing hi s own shortcoming s, like to liste n to the praise, satisfied face, onli ne pr omotion, there ar e typical , and l ack of hig h standards and strict requirements , the effect is real. Se cond hard drive le ss. On hard an d

3

the principl e of simplified E IA of construction pr ojects i n the regi on. In terms of land, linke d to the im plementation of ur ban a nd r ural construction land increase a nd decreas e, repla cement i ndi cators for pri ority areas proje ct. Charges, int o the pr oje cts of water, ele ctricit y, admi nistrative charge s and preferential policies. I n the area of taxation, and settled i n areas of industry and its production company, withi n 5 years after the completion of fiscal i nce ntives to e nterpris es. I n terms of financing, i ntegration of land, tax, fina ncial a nd other res our ces, a nd construct "Governme nt credit + busi nes s credit" cre dit system, establi shment of marketization, commercializ ation a nd m oder nization of the inve stment and financing platform; effective Ba nk-enter prise docking, encourage s private ca pital into t he Park, to rais e industry development fund. 5, optimize the environment a nd s ervice i ndustr ies. To create "poli cy low lands, Hig hlands, i ntegrity of service land, devel opme nt land" as t he goal, t o optimize t he area under devel opment e nvironment. A ll admi nistrative law enfor cement department s to appoi nt a full-time personne l statione d in area s de dicated t o coor dinati ng and solvi ng problems a ssociated wit h businesse s in thi s sect or. Whe n there are substantial is sue s, se ctor leaders arrange d to per sonally intervene, in-per son, in-per son push tang ible area buil ding a gre en light, ea sy line. To furt her reduce a nd sta ndar dize admi nistrative examination and appr oval items, simplify examinati on a nd a pproval li nks, impr ove efficiency; accor ding to t he ... Since the educati onal practi ce of the mass li ne of the party, himself seri ously i n the e ducation, practi cal control central "eight r ules" and opposing "the four winds" and practi cing "three S uns", and che ck the s pirit of Jiao Yul u, ideol ogy, s olicit opi nions based on outsta ndi ng problems che cked swi ng, careful a nalysi s and refle ction. Will now che ck report i s as follow s: first, adhere nce to t he party's politi cal dis cipline, e ight in the ce ntral provisi on, cha nge the style of the ba sic s ituation of 1, in comp liance with t he party's politi cal dis ciplines . Cons cienti ously a bide by the party's political disci pline, abi de by the Constituti on a nd the rules a nd reg ulations of the par ty, i n the political, ide ologi cal and maintai n highly consiste nt with the CPC Ce ntral Committee on the acti on, t here is no viol ation of the party's politi cal dis cipline probl ems. 2, i n the impleme ntation of the c entral aut horiti es of the eight provisi ons . Improvi ng resear ch, impr oving resear ch methods, but there are le ss grass -root s unit s, primary first-ha nd a n ina dequate grasp of the pr oblem, w hich is to be strengt hene d in the future. Se cond, construction, strictly in a ccorda nce with the provisi ons to streamline and improve t he quality of meetings of the Conference. T hird, streamli ning file bri efs, cult ure inv olves all as pect s of propaganda and ide olog y, sometimes due to the pra ctical nee ds of inve ntion notificati ons , this area needs further

看书、讨论、提问、明确:哥伦布 请同学介绍一下哥伦布,并着重指出他取得了哪些成就? 看书、讨论、提问、多媒体展示哥伦布发现美洲动态地图。 (“黄金是一切商品中最宝贵的, 黄金是财富, 谁占有了黄金谁就能获得他在世上所需要 的一切,同时也就取得把灵魂从炼狱中拯救出来,并使灵魂重享天堂之乐的手段。 ” ——哥 伦布) 做 P63“活动与探究 2”哥伦布是“恶魔” ,还是“有功之臣”? 看书、讨论、提问、明确:哥伦布远航给美洲给印第安人带来了巨大的灾难,加剧了他 们的贫穷和落后,同时在客观上使掠夺的财富成为资本主义的原始积累,推动了资本主义的 发展,有其进步性。 (3)多媒体展示《达·伽马》画像,然后提问第三位进行新航路开辟的是谁? 看书、讨论、提问、明确:达·伽马 请同学介绍一下达·伽马,并着重指出他取得了哪些成就? 看书、讨论、提问、多媒体展示达·伽马开辟欧洲从海上直通印度的新航路动态地图。 (4)多媒体展示《麦哲伦》画像,然后提问第四位进行新航路开辟的是谁? 看书、讨论、提问、明确:麦哲伦(船队) 请同学介绍一下达·伽马,并着重指出他取得了哪些成就? 看书、讨论、提问、多媒体展示麦哲伦(船队)完成环球航行动态地图。 请同学们用图表小结一下四位航海家的成就。 看书、讨论、提问、多媒体展示图表 航 行 时 间 资助国家 成 就 1487 年 葡萄牙 发现好望角 1492 年 西班牙 发现美洲 1497 年-1498 年 葡萄牙 开辟欧洲从海上直通印 度的新航路 麦哲伦(船队) 葡萄牙 1519 年-1522 年 西班牙 完成环球航行 4、世界史上有迪亚士、哥伦布、达伽马、麦哲伦,我国也有位著名的航海家。他是明朝 的哪位航海家?(学生齐声回答 郑和) 做 P62“动脑筋” 比较哥伦布等人的航海与中国郑和的远航,有什么不同? 看书、讨论、提问、明确:①规模:郑和船队庞大,船多人多;哥伦布等人船队很小,船少 人少。②目的:郑和下西洋是为了宣扬国威,扩大明朝的影响加强海外联系;哥伦布等人远 航是为了开拓市场,掠夺财富。③性质:郑和下西洋是与各国友好交往的义举;而哥伦布等 人远航属殖民扩张活动。④影响:郑和下西洋促进了与亚非国家的友好往来;哥伦布等人开 辟新航路客观上加强了世界各地的联系,促进了资本主义的产生发展。 5、情景设计:假如你生活在 16 世纪上半期的欧洲,你能从市场上买回澳洲的工艺品吗? 为什么 看书、讨论、提问、明确:不能。通过查看地图《新航路的开辟》可知,16 世纪上半期, 欧洲的航海家并没有到过澳洲,欧洲和澳洲的航线还未开辟,欧洲市场上是不能买到澳洲的 产品的。 6、我们现在知道了四位航海家的航海经过及其成就,那么现在请同学们小结一下新航路
streamlining. Four are standard vis its, exce pt as required to participate i n traini ng, no other a ctivity. F ive is to impr ove new s reporti ng, for pr opaga nda w ork strictly accor ding to t he regulati ons . Six is strictly your prese ntation publis hed stri ctly accor ding to the regulations. 罚 济 经 或 决 理 处 好 做 权 作 操 规 违 承 对 。 明 文 与 全 安 、 度 进 督 监 并 , 宜 事 关 有 的 中 工 施 调 协 责 负 专 定 指 人 包 发 Seven is strictly thrift, required the use of vehicle s and office s pace a nd cor porate hos pitality. 3, cha nge the styl e. Propaganda and ide ologi cal work of the new situati on and ne w requirements of the new task s, ha d done a lot of fruitful work, ha s made many achieveme nts, but further cl oser t o the grass r oots, close t o reality, clos e to the mas ses and als o ina dequate innovation must conti nue t o improve. Se cond, t he "four winds" s ome outsta ndi ng iss ues 1 , oppose formalism. One the ory is that he di dn't, wit h less close contact . The oretical st udy of consci ousnes s is not high enough, system performance i s not strong enoug h; more passive lear ning , active lear ning few generalities and learn m ore, delvi ng into le ss. E spe cially ba sed on rational thi nking on major i ssue s, applying t heory to g uide t he work done is not good enoug h, not really understa nd a nd gras p the s pirit and In practical w ork, not y our he ad, essence of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opment, did not truly a chieve master y, to a ppl y, to a certai n extent, affect the development and impleme ntation of ideas a nd i nitiatives. Se cond, w ork arrangement s, and less supervisi on. Propaga nda a nd i deol ogica l work is the objective, whi ch needs t o keep the continuity efforts depl oyed, but stress ed in t he work time, le ss s upervi sion. For example, col or weekends i n the s ummer theatrical a ctivities, city square performa nce s, urging t ownshi ps, communitie s and rural areas shows the im plementation is i nade quate, i ns ufficient cultural a n educational role to play. T hird base e nough, master grass -les s real. Pr opaga nda a nd ideol ogical w ork in the new situation of characteristi cs a nd regul arity of enough, dee p enoug h for grass-r oots public opinion Dynamics surve y, for grass -roots typica lly drive les s. For example, r ural cult ure team active, . .. I' m not actively take the i nitiative to take up, t he lack of spirit of dari ng to, res ulting i n some j ob had a lot of powe r, but no ta ngibl e results . Thir d, innovation, lack of motivation. Ema nci pation did not e nd, i nnovation doe s not exist. previous work experience, la ck of innovation initiatives , study on t he characteristi cs of pr opaga nda a nd ideol ogical w ork under the new situation through, grip on grassroots ideol ogical trends a nd cha nges are not dee p, to promote new initiatives a nd ex plore new methods of ideol ogical a nd cult ural work is not m uch, and some la ck of relevance a nd timeliness. 4 , dis cipli ne, l oweri ng, and hard w ork are la cking. Whil e worki ng and enterpri sing s pirit down. No real sol ution to treat yours elf right, corre ctly treat past honors, their complace ncy, and work to see the ir scores more, le ss check ing hi s own shortcoming s, like to liste n to the praise, satisfied face, onli ne pr omotion, there ar e typical , and l ack of hig h standards and strict requirements , the effect is real. Se cond hard drive le ss. On hard and

航海家 迪亚士 哥伦布 达·伽马

国别 葡萄牙 意大利 葡萄牙

4

the principl e of simplified E IA of construction pr ojects i n the regi on. In terms of land, linke d to t he im plementation of ur ban a nd r ural construction land increase a nd decreas e, repla cement i ndi cators for pri ority areas proje ct. Charges, int o the pr oje cts of water, ele ctricit y, admi nistrative charge s and preferential policies. I n the area of taxati on, and settled i n areas of industry and its production company, withi n 5 years after the completion of fiscal i nce ntives to e nterpris es. I n terms of financing, i ntegration of land, tax, fina ncial a nd other res our ces, a nd construct "Governme nt credit + busi nes s credit" cre dit system, establi shment of marketization, commercializ ation a nd m oder nization of the inve stment and financing pl atform; effective Ba nk-enter prise docking, encourage s private ca pital into t he Park, to rais e industry development fund. 5, optimize the environment a nd s ervice i ndustr ies. To create "poli cy low lands, Hig hlands, i ntegrity of service land, devel opme nt land" as t he goal, t o optimize t he area under devel opment e nvironment. All admi nistrative law enfor cement department s to appoi nt a full-time personne l statione d in area s de dicated t o coor dinati ng and solvi ng problems a ssociated wit h businesse s in thi s sect or. Whe n there are substantial is sue s, se ctor leaders arrange d to per sonally intervene, in -per son, in-per son push tang ible area buil ding a gre en light, ea sy line. To furt her reduce a nd sta ndar dize admi nistrative examination and appr oval items, simplify examinati on a nd a pproval li nks, impr ove efficiency; accor ding to t he ... Since the educati onal practi ce of the mass li ne of the party, him self seri ously i n the e ducation, practi cal control central "eight r ules" and opposing "the four winds" and practi cing "three S uns", and che ck the s pirit of Jiao Yul u, ideol ogy, s olicit opi nions based on outsta ndi ng problems che cked swi ng, careful a nalysi s and refle ction. Will now che ck report i s as follow s: first, adhere nce to t he party's politi cal dis cipline, e ight in the ce ntr al provisi on, cha nge the style of the ba sic s ituation of 1, in compliance with t he party's politi cal dis ciplines . Cons cienti ously a bide by the party's political disci pline, abi de by the Constituti on a nd the rules a nd reg ulations of the party, i n the political, ide ologi cal and maintai n highly consiste nt with the CPC Ce ntral Committee on the acti on, t here is no viol ation of the party's politi cal dis cipline probl ems. 2, i n the impleme ntation of the central aut horiti es of the eight provisi ons . Improvi ng rese ar ch, impr oving resear ch methods, but there are le ss grass -root s unit s, primary first-ha nd a n ina dequate grasp of the pr oblem, w hic h is to be strengt hene d in the future. Se cond, construction, strictly in a ccorda nce with the provisi ons to streamline and improve t he quality of meetings of the Conference. T hird, streamli ning file bri efs, cult ure inv olves all as pect s of propaganda and ide olog y, sometimes due to the pra ctical nee ds of inve ntion notificati ons , this area needs further

开辟的历史意义。 看书、讨论、提问、播放《新航路开辟的历史意义》短片 (1)由于各大洲的联系加强,世界连成一个整体,世界市场开拓形成。 (2)欧洲的贸易中心转移。由原来地中海沿岸转移到大西洋沿岸,促进了西欧封建制度 的衰落和资本主义的发展。 (3)新航路的开辟也为欧洲开辟了殖民探索道路,葡萄牙、西班牙、英国、荷兰、法国 等相继走上了殖民扩张的道路,他们大量掠夺殖民地的财富,造成了亚非拉国家和地区的贫 穷和落后。 【小结】 14——16 世纪的欧洲处在封建社会解体并向资本主义过渡的阶段,新兴的资产阶级为求 得自身发展,需要开拓市场和冲破封建势力的束缚,为此进行了一系列的活动,主要是文艺 复兴运动和开辟新航路。 【作业】 有人说西欧封建社会末期有两个被“发现” 。分别是“人”和“世界”被发现。那么“人” 和“世界”被发现指的是什么?(文艺复兴运动和新航路的开辟)

板书设计

【学生学习活动评价设计】 学生先自我评价这节课对自己的表现,然后互评,最后教师小结各位同学在本节 课上的表现。
streamlining. Four are standard vis its, exce pt as required to participate i n traini ng, no other a ctivity. F ive is to impr ove new s reporti ng, for pr opaga nda w ork strictly accor ding to t he regulati ons . Six is strictly your prese ntation publis hed stri ctly accor ding to the regulations. 罚 济 经 或 决 理 处 好 做 权 作 操 规 违 承 对 。 明 文 与 全 安 、 度 进 督 监 并 , 宜 事 关 有 的 中 工 施 调 协 责 负 专 定 指 人 包 发 Seven is strictly thrift, required the use of vehicle s and office s pace a nd cor porate hos pitality. 3, cha nge the styl e. Propaganda and ide ologi cal work of the new situati on and ne w requirements of the new task s, ha d done a lot of fruitful work, ha s made many achieveme nts, but further cl oser t o the grass r oots, close t o reality, clos e to the mas ses and als o ina dequate innovation must conti nue t o improve. Se cond, t he " four winds" s ome outsta ndi ng iss ues 1 , oppose formalism. One the ory is that he di dn't, wit h less close contact . The oretical st udy of consci ousnes s is not high enough, system performance i s not strong enoug h; more passive lear ning , active lear ning few gene ralities and learn m ore, delvi ng into le ss. E spe cially ba sed on rational thi nking on major i ssue s, applying t heory to g uide t he work done is not good enoug h, not really understa nd a nd gras p the s pirit and In practical w ork, not y our he ad, essence of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opment, did not truly a chieve master y, to a ppl y, to a certai n extent, affect the development and impleme ntation of ideas a nd i nitiatives. Se cond, w ork arrangement s, and less supervisi on. Propaga nda a nd i deol ogica l work is the objective, whi ch needs t o keep the continuity efforts depl oyed, but stress ed in t he work time, le ss s upervi sion. For example, col or weekends i n the s ummer theatrical a ctiv ities, city square performa nce s, urging t ownshi ps, communitie s and rural areas shows the im plementation is i nade quate, i ns uff icient cultural a n educational role to play. T hird base e nough, master grass -les s real. Pr opaga nda a nd ideol ogical w ork in the new situation of characteristi cs a nd regul arity of enough, dee p enoug h for grass-r oots public opinion Dynamics surve y, for grass -roots typica lly drive les s. For example, r ural cult ure team active, . .. I' m not actively take the i nitiative to take up, t he lack of spirit of dari ng to, res ulting i n some j ob had a lot of powe r, but no ta ngibl e results . Thir d, innovation, lack of motivation. Ema nci pation did not e nd, i nnovation doe s not exist. previous work experience, la ck of innovation initiatives , study on t he characteristi cs of pr opaga nda a nd ideol ogical w ork under the new situation through, grip on grassroots ideol ogical trends a nd cha nges are not dee p, to promote new initiatives a nd ex plore new methods of ideol ogical a nd cult ural work is not much, and some la ck of relevance a nd timeliness. 4 , dis cipli ne, l oweri ng, and hard w ork are la cking. Whil e worki ng and enterpri sing s pirit down. No real sol ution to treat yours elf right, corre ctly treat past honors, their complace ncy, and work to see the ir scores more, le ss check ing hi s own shortcoming s, like to liste n to the praise, satisfied face, onli ne pr omotion, there ar e typical , and l ack of hig h standards and strict requirements , the effect is real. Se cond hard drive le ss. On hard an d

5

the principl e of simplified E IA of construction pr ojects i n the regi on. In terms of land, linke d to the im plementation of ur ban a nd r ural construction land increase a nd decreas e, repla cement i ndi cators for pri ority areas proje ct. Charges, int o the pr oje cts of water, ele ctricit y, admi nistrative charge s and preferential policies. I n the area of taxation, and settled i n areas of industry and its production company, withi n 5 years after the completion of fiscal i nce ntives to e nterpris es. I n terms of financing, i ntegration of land, tax, fina ncial a nd other res our ces, a nd construct "Governme nt credit + busi nes s credit" cre dit system, establi shment of marketization, commercializ ation a nd m oder nization of the inve stment and financing platform; effective Ba nk-enter prise docking, encourage s private ca pital into t he Park, to rais e industry development fund. 5, optimize the environment a nd s ervice i ndustr ies. To create "poli cy low lands, Hig hlands, i ntegrity of service land, devel opme nt land" as t he goal, t o optimize t he area under devel opment e nvironment. A ll admi nistrative law enfor cement department s to appoi nt a full-time personne l statione d in area s de dicated t o coor dinati ng and solvi ng problems a ssociated wit h businesse s in thi s sect or. Whe n there are substantial is sue s, se ctor leaders arrange d to per sonally intervene, in-per son, in-per son push tang ible area buil ding a gre en light, ea sy line. To furt her reduce a nd sta ndar dize admi nistrative examination and appr oval items, simplify examinati on a nd a pproval li nks, impr ove efficiency; accor ding to t he ... Since the educati onal practi ce of the mass li ne of the party, himself seri ously i n the e ducation, practi cal control central "eight r ules" and opposing "the four winds" and practi cing "three S uns", and che ck the s pirit of Jiao Yul u, ideol ogy, s olicit opi nions based on outsta ndi ng problems che cked swi ng, careful a nalysi s and refle ction. Will now che ck report i s as follow s: first, adhere nce to t he party's politi cal dis cipline, e ight in the ce ntral provisi on, cha nge the style of the ba sic s ituation of 1, in comp liance with t he party's politi cal dis ciplines . Cons cienti ously a bide by the party's political disci pline, abi de by the Constituti on a nd the rules a nd reg ulations of the par ty, i n the political, ide ologi cal and maintai n highly consiste nt with the CPC Ce ntral Committee on the acti on, t here is no viol ation of the party's politi cal dis cipline probl ems. 2, i n the impleme ntation of the c entral aut horiti es of the eight provisi ons . Improvi ng resear ch, impr oving resear ch methods, but there are le ss grass -root s unit s, primary first-ha nd a n ina dequate grasp of the pr oblem, w hich is to be strengt hene d in the future. Se cond, construction, strictly in a ccorda nce with the provisi ons to streamline and improve t he quality of meetings of the Conference. T hird, streamli ning file bri efs, cult ure inv olves all as pect s of propaganda and ide olog y, sometimes due to the pra ctical nee ds of inve ntion notificati ons , this area needs further

教学反思
这节课基本上达到了预期的教学目的。 这节课中我看到还有部分学生有哗众取宠的情况,没有认真思考历史问题,今后我将多 找这部分学生谈心,让其改掉这方面的毛病。

streamlining. Four are standard vis its, exce pt as required to participate i n traini ng, no other a ctivity. F ive is to impr ove new s reporti ng, for pr opaga nda w ork strictly accor ding to t he regulati ons . Six is strictly your prese ntation publis hed stri ctly accor ding to the regulations. 罚 济 经 或 决 理 处 好 做 权 作 操 规 违 承 对 。 明 文 与 全 安 、 度 进 督 监 并 , 宜 事 关 有 的 中 工 施 调 协 责 负 专 定 指 人 包 发

Seven is strictly thrift, required the use of vehicle s and office s pace a nd cor porate hos pitality. 3, cha nge the styl e.

Propaganda and ide ologi cal work of the new situati on and ne w requirements of the new task s, ha d done a lot of fruitful work, ha s made many achieveme nts, but further cl oser t o the grass r oots, close t o reality, clos e to the mas ses and als o ina dequate innovation must conti nue t o improve. Se cond, t he "four winds" s ome outsta ndi ng iss ues 1 , oppose formalism. One the ory is that he di dn't, wit h less close contact . The oretical st udy of consci ousnes s is not high enough, system performance i s not strong enoug h; more passive lear ning , active lear ning few generalities and learn m ore, delvi ng into le ss. E spe cially ba sed on rational thi nking on major i ssue s, applying t heory to g uide t he work done is not good enoug h, not really understa nd a nd gras p the s pirit and In practical w ork, not y our he ad,

essence of the scie ntific Outlook on devel opment, did not truly a chieve master y, to a ppl y, to a certai n extent, affect the development and impleme ntation of ideas a nd i nitiatives. Se cond, w ork arrangement s, and less supervisi on. Propaga nda a nd i deol ogica l work is the objective, whi ch needs t o keep the continuity efforts depl oyed, but stress ed in t he work time, le ss s upervi sion. For example, col or weekends i n the s ummer theatrical a ctivities, city square performa nce s, urging t ownshi ps, communitie s and rural areas shows the im plementation is i nade quate, i ns ufficient cultural a n educational role to play. T hird base e nough, master grass -les s real. Pr opaga nda a nd ideol ogical w ork in the new situation of characteristi cs a nd regul arity of enough, dee p enoug h for grass-r oots public opinion Dynamics surve y, for grass -roots typica lly drive les s. For example, r ural cult ure team active, . .. I' m not actively take the i nitiative to take up, t he lack of spirit of dari ng to, res ulting i n some j ob had a lot of powe r, but no ta ngibl e results . Thir d, innovation, lack of motivation. Ema nci pation did not e nd, i nnovation doe s not exist.

previous work experience, la ck of innovation initiatives , study on t he characteristi cs of pr opaga nda a nd ideol ogical w ork under the new situation through, grip on grassroots ideol ogical trends a nd cha nges are not dee p, to promote new initiatives a nd ex plore new methods of ideol ogical a nd cult ural work is not m uch, and some la ck of relevance a nd timeliness. 4 , dis cipli ne, l oweri ng, and hard w ork are la cking. Whil e worki ng and enterpri sing s pirit down. No real sol ution to treat yours elf right, corre ctly treat past honors, their complace ncy, and work to see the ir scores more, le ss check ing hi s own shortcoming s, like to liste n to the praise, satisfied face, onli ne pr omotion, there ar e typical , and l ack of hig h standards and strict requirements , the effect is real. Se cond hard drive le ss. On hard and

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